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Programme:

Legal Studies

Module: Legal Informatics
Study Cycle: First Cycle (Undergraduate)
Faculty: Law
Programme Code: LI-240
Academic year: 2019 / 2020
Title: Bachelor in Law - Module: Legal Informatics
ECTS: 240 (4 years) Accrediation
Decision: Decision for running of the program

The study program Legal Informatics aims:
- To meet the needs of all those who think about their further career in the field of legal science through the application of information technologies.
- To provide a number of case programs that include basic legal knowledge for professions related to the sphere of law in the field of information technologies.
- To provide solid and systematic knowledge on electronic services and digitalization in the fields of banking law, contractual law, insurance law, cadastral law and administrative law.
- To ensure fundamental knowledge of the basic concepts and principles of the positive law of the Republic of North Macedonia, and its mode of functioning in the European and international context.
- To provide opportunities for lectures by visiting international academic staff.
- To develop the critical awareness of the law in the comparative, historical, socio-economic and political context and to provide students with different theoretical and practical concepts related to legal studies in the field of information technologies.
- To enable students to stay and study abroad as part of student exchange programs.
- To provide a range of options that will enable students to study specific areas of IT law.
- To enable students to be part of a research activity within their studies.
- To provide an opportunity to develop personal skills, communication, research and other relevant skills needed for employment of graduates in institutions that have already established contacts through the SEEU Career Center.
- To emphasize multilingual teaching and to promote inter-ethnic and intercultural dialogue and mutual cooperation.
- In line with the knowledge and skills gained from this undergraduate study program of the Faculty of Law, graduated students will be able to identify legal issues and processes in the field of information technologies to be explored and to use primary and secondary resources to effectively investigate legal science and practice regarding the protection of personal data in the domestic and European context, to critically evaluate legal issues and processes both in terms of doctrine and socio-economic aspects.

Students who graduate from this study program are expected to have a relatively fast job opportunity not only at home but also at European and international levels, due to the competencies they receive through this study program. Upon completion of the studies, students will be trained for employment in institutions and organizations for performing highly specialized work in the legal profession in the private and public sector, such as:
- International and European organizations and institutions,
- Courts,
- Public prosecutor's offices,
- Notary,
- Executors,
- Attorneys' offices
- Banks,
- Insurance companies,
- Trading Associations,
- Cadastre,
- State and public administration,
- Ministries, directorates, institutes and agencies,
- Media,
- NGOs,
- Scientific research, educational and professional institutions.

Knowledge and understanding

Students will deepen the knowledge in the field of information technologies and their application in law by improving the knowledge about the advanced concepts in the field of legal informatics.
Students will be able to gain comparable knowledge of information technologies of countries in the region, as well as in the European Union and the practice of the European Court of Human Rights regarding the protection of personal data in the domain of the Internet.
Students will be able to connect, transfer and develop knowledge in the field of information technology, administration, law and informatics.

Applying knowledge and understanding

Students will have the opportunity to develop information systems and software in the domain of law as well as to apply acquired knowledge within various legal analyzes of information technologies as well as a solid basis for comparing the legal regulations from the domestic, European and international law in the area of information technologies in the direction of improvement and approximation of the domestic legislation to the European legislation.

Making judgement

Students will identify, interpret, analyze and solve legal problems in the field of information technologies;
Students will interpret and synthesize the significance of legal norms as part of the legal system and apply it in numerous situations that may arise in information technologies;
Students will critically appreciate and interpret the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights in the field of information technology and personal data protection.
Students will analyze, plan, develop and update information systems as well as computerization of various legal, commercial, banking and business processes.

Communication skills

Students will communicate effectively, verbally and in writing with public and private entities;
Students will write and edit basic documents with legal and electronic character;
Students will recognize the specific legal terminology for this subject area for describing and explaining the notions and institutes of this study program;
Students will take the initiative and responsibility for individual and group activities through which effective participation in the legal profession is carried out.

Learning skills

Students will take the initiative and responsibility to identify and implement learning needs in the most important branches of information technology law;
Students will develop a learning system that includes identifying, classifying, synthesizing and using different professional sources;
Students will acquire the skills to use the library to deepen legal knowledge;
Students will also use advanced computer skills to acquire legal knowledge;

Semester 1

  • [CLE-104] [6 ECTS] History of Law
    The course aims to: - To familiarize students with the historical development of the law and the State, and the main legal and social notions. - To gain knowledge about the historical development of the legal opinion in a way that students can understand legal opinions in the past and present. - To make students to be able to distinguish socio- legal formations in the past and to understand their evolution. - To enable students to gain knowledge about the historical development of specific parts of positive law (civil, criminal, administrative, family and inheritance law, etc). - To enable students to understand the logic of functioning of the State and the law in ancient civilizations and in the Middle Ages and to create ideas by connecting them with modern times.
  • [CLE-101] [6 ECTS] Introduction to Law
    - Students gain basic knowledge about the law and the State; - Enabling students to acquire theoretical knowledge related to the various forms of the State; - Critical review of the law as a social phenomenon; - Encouraging analytical review of students related to the problems now facing the State and the law in terms of globalization and European integration; - At the end of the course students will be able to distinguish the basic forms of the State and the law; - To explain the basic notions of the State and the law and their connection with real life; - To gain a basic, introductory and general knowledge of the State and the law that will be needed for their further studies in general legal sciences;
  • [CLE-203] [6 ECTS] Legal Writing and Reasoning
    The course’s purpose is to provide the basic knowledge of legal writing and justification to the first year students of Legal studies and Criminalistics and Security studies. In this course knowledge for the legal writing and reasoning principles and basic guidelines for it will be gained by applying the various methods of legal writing of normative legal acts (regulations, laws, decisions, judgments, contracts, wills etc.) and acts (CV, claim, competition, application, notification, plaint etc.). This course is more than necessary for Law students. They have to take advantage of the proper legal writing skills and the proper reasoning of what they are writing legally, because the mastery of legal writing is essential to any lawyer in his upcoming professional work.
  • [3 ECTS] Albanian/Macedonian Language
    • [BS018] Macedonian Language for Beginners 1
    • [BS152] Macedonian Language for Beginners 2
    • [MLIL-01] Macedonian Language Intermediate Level 1
    • [MLIL-02] Macedonian Language Intermediate Level 2
    • [MAPP1010] Macedonian Language for Professional Purposes 1
    • [MAPP1020] Macedonian Language for Professional Purposes 2
    • [BAM1010] Albanian Language for Beginners 1
    • [BAM2010] Albanian Language for Beginners 2
  • [3 ECTS] English Language
    • [EE-01] Elementary English
    • [PIE-02] Pre-Intermediate English
    • [IE-03] Intermediate English
    • [UIE-04] Upper-Intermediate English
    • [AE-05] Advanced English
  • [6 ECTS] Elective course (Language, Skills or Culture)
    • [EFE-105] German Language
    • [BSIL3010] Italian Language
    • [EF999] French Language
    • [EFE-132] Human Rights and Freedoms
    • [EARTL-01] Assisted Reproductive Technology and Law
    • [CCS084] Intercultural Communication
    • [EWC-01] Web Creation
    • [EDMD-02] Digital Media Design
    • [EITSOP-03] IT Skills Office Productivity
    • [EMOA-01] Microsoft Office Access
    • [EMOE-02] Microsoft Office Excel
    • [EMOPP-03] Microsoft Office PowerPoint
    • [EMOW-04] Microsoft Office Word
    • [CLE-203] Legal Writing and Reasoning
    • [EITL-02] Information Technology (IT) Law
    • [EFE-121] Professional Careеr Development
    • [EATN-02] Administrative Terminology and Nomotechnics
    • [ESSD-01] Social Skills Development
    • [EPA-605] Career Search Strategies
    • [ESCHC-01] Selected Chapters in Computing
    • [EBI-502] Web Technologies
    • [EFE-102] Academic Writing in English
    • [EFE-104] Academic Writing in Albanian
    • [EFE-103] Academic Writing in Macedonian
    • [CBA112] Albanian Language for Specific Purposes
    • [EPEG-01] Practical English Grammar
    • [ECE-02] Conversational English
    • [EDOL-03] Digital and Online Literacy
    • [ELE065] Consumer Protection
    • [CLE-302] Trade Law
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ECS-01] Cyber Security
    • [ESML-02] Social Media and the Law
    • [EBEM-503] Business Communication
    • [ELOD-03] Leadership and Organizational Development
    • [EFE-109] Communication Skills
    • [ECTHD-01] Critical Thinking Development
    • [EPRNM-02] Public Relations and New Media

Semester 2

  • [CLE-201] [6 ECTS] Constitutional Law
    Objectives of the course: - Gaining knowledge about concepts, phenomena and institutes of constitutional law and the State institutions in the North Republic of Macedonia (RM) including the various theoretical positions on them; - Gaining specific knowledge on constitutional law as a science and legal branch, including a comparative analysis of the situation and perspectives of the same in regional and European domain; - Through this module students will acquire basic theoretical and practical knowledge about the organization of state power in the RM as well as about the freedoms and rights of man and citizen; - To encourage critical thinking of students about the basic issues related to constitutional order in the NRM as well as in the EU by taking into account the profile of a European lawyer that in the future as an expert will need to interpret and apply the European constitutional law both at national and the European level; - The course will address the relevant issues in constitutional law in a comparative and a national perspective because in an era of globalization, constitutional law can not be understood if considered only in national terms; - The course will also cover: the new Rules of Procedure of the Parliament which has a key role in developing parliamentary democracy in the Republic, the new laws regulating constitutional issues such as the laws related to the judiciary, local government, electoral system, civil society, defence, foreign policy, etc.; - Besides this normative component, the course will also include the practice of the central government bodies in the RM such as the Assembly, the Government, the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court which play a major role on constitutional law as a science; - It will also include constitutional amendments of 2001 that have a major impact on the “majority democracy” in the NRM and the fundamental values of the constitutional order of the NRM as well as the constitutional amendments of 2005 in connection to the judicial reforms in the NRM; - At the end of the course, students will be able to make fundamental and substantive differentiation between constitutional institutions, their interconnection and their practical operation; - To make the necessary theoretical and practical differentiation of concepts, phenomena and institutes of constitutional law; - To describe and analyze the various processes within the constitutional system and the order of the NRM in all aspects of the constitutional life of the country, which means the life of persons, citizen, state and ethnic communities;
  • [CLE-204] [6 ECTS] Civil Law - General part
    Тhe Civile law – General part study program aims to provide students with basic knowledge in this area. Upon completion of the semester, students are expected to have acquired theoretical knowledge on the notions and major institutes of civil law such as: the principles of civil law, the sources of civil law, the legal subjects and their legal capacity and capacity to act, the civil legal relations, etc. Students will be trained to make the necessary theoretical and practical differences of notions and phenomena of a juridical character in the NRM legal system, to distinguish their basic and essential characteristics, and to note their importance and function in practice.
  • [CLE1020] [6 ECTS] Roman Law
    The aims of the course: - to provide students with information about the process of the creation, development and change of the institutions and norms of Roman law under the influence of different historical circumstances; - to introduce students to the role of Roman law as a unifying force in the European legal tradition; - to offer students the possibility of learning the basics of Roman legal terminology; - to present the history of Roman legal thought from its beginnings in the Republican period in Rome; - to explain the historical importance of the reception of the Roman law in continental Europe.
  • [6 ECTS] Elective course (Language, Skills or Culture)
    • [EFE-105] German Language
    • [BSIL3010] Italian Language
    • [EF999] French Language
    • [EFE-132] Human Rights and Freedoms
    • [EARTL-01] Assisted Reproductive Technology and Law
    • [CCS084] Intercultural Communication
    • [EWC-01] Web Creation
    • [EDMD-02] Digital Media Design
    • [EITSOP-03] IT Skills Office Productivity
    • [EMOA-01] Microsoft Office Access
    • [EMOE-02] Microsoft Office Excel
    • [EMOPP-03] Microsoft Office PowerPoint
    • [EMOW-04] Microsoft Office Word
    • [CLE-203] Legal Writing and Reasoning
    • [EITL-02] Information Technology (IT) Law
    • [EFE-121] Professional Careеr Development
    • [EATN-02] Administrative Terminology and Nomotechnics
    • [ESSD-01] Social Skills Development
    • [EPA-605] Career Search Strategies
    • [ESCHC-01] Selected Chapters in Computing
    • [EBI-502] Web Technologies
    • [EFE-102] Academic Writing in English
    • [EFE-104] Academic Writing in Albanian
    • [EFE-103] Academic Writing in Macedonian
    • [CBA112] Albanian Language for Specific Purposes
    • [EPEG-01] Practical English Grammar
    • [ECE-02] Conversational English
    • [EDOL-03] Digital and Online Literacy
    • [ELE065] Consumer Protection
    • [CLE-302] Trade Law
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ECS-01] Cyber Security
    • [ESML-02] Social Media and the Law
    • [EBEM-503] Business Communication
    • [ELOD-03] Leadership and Organizational Development
    • [EFE-109] Communication Skills
    • [ECTHD-01] Critical Thinking Development
    • [EPRNM-02] Public Relations and New Media
  • [3 ECTS] English Language
    • [EE-01] Elementary English
    • [PIE-02] Pre-Intermediate English
    • [IE-03] Intermediate English
    • [UIE-04] Upper-Intermediate English
    • [AE-05] Advanced English
    • [BAM1010] Albanian Language for Beginners 1
    • [BAM2010] Albanian Language for Beginners 2
  • [3 ECTS] Albanian/Macedonian Language
    • [BS018] Macedonian Language for Beginners 1
    • [BS152] Macedonian Language for Beginners 2
    • [MLIL-01] Macedonian Language Intermediate Level 1
    • [MLIL-02] Macedonian Language Intermediate Level 2
    • [MAPP1010] Macedonian Language for Professional Purposes 1
    • [MAPP1020] Macedonian Language for Professional Purposes 2

Semester 3

  • [CLE2030] [6 ECTS] Administrative Law
    The course framework includes studying Administrative Material and Procedural Law. It focuses on the principles of organization, operation and scope of the administrative authorities, the main activities that constitute the administrative functions, administrative acts and the relationship between citizens and administration. The objectives of the course consist in that students can: - Define and understand the concepts of administration and administrative functions; - Recognize and analyse the legal framework that governs an organization and functioning of public administration in Macedonia; - Recognize the main activities of the administrative office; - Distinguish between the types of acts of the administration and to adopt the first steps to creating such acts; - Learn the types of administrative supervision; - Recognize mechanisms of control of the administration and its accountability to other state bodies, but also to their clients- users of its services; - Acquire abilities and skills for future employment in the organs of administration of NRM, NGO Institutions and all Institutions that deal with subjects of administrative legal nature.
  • [CLE025] [6 ECTS] Property Law
    The aim of the course Property law is to provide students with basic knowledge in this area. After completing the semester, students are expected to have gained knowledge related to the notion and scope of property law, the subjects of property law, the principles of property law, the possession, the right to property, the right of servitude, lien rights, the Real Servitudes for public records, etc. It is expected that students will develop awareness on these institutes and the critical skills to approach the law and legal argument in the field of property law.
  • [CLE-403] [6 ECTS] EU Law
    After completing this course, the student is expected to at least be able to know the essence and the volume of EU Law, to have a complete view on the organizational and legal structure of the EU in accordance with the changes that were introduced with the Lisbon Agreement; to be able to interpret and apply correctly the provisions from EU Acts; this will enable students to further study in a detailed manner the more specialized legal disciplines which deal with the EU Law.
  • [6 ECTS] English for specific purposes 1
    • [LE-01] Legal English 1
    • [LE-02] Legal English 2
  • [6 ECTS] Elective course (Language, Skills or Culture)
    • [EFE-105] German Language
    • [BSIL3010] Italian Language
    • [EF999] French Language
    • [EFE-132] Human Rights and Freedoms
    • [EARTL-01] Assisted Reproductive Technology and Law
    • [CCS084] Intercultural Communication
    • [EWC-01] Web Creation
    • [EDMD-02] Digital Media Design
    • [EITSOP-03] IT Skills Office Productivity
    • [EMOA-01] Microsoft Office Access
    • [EMOE-02] Microsoft Office Excel
    • [EMOPP-03] Microsoft Office PowerPoint
    • [EMOW-04] Microsoft Office Word
    • [CLE-203] Legal Writing and Reasoning
    • [EITL-02] Information Technology (IT) Law
    • [EFE-121] Professional Careеr Development
    • [EATN-02] Administrative Terminology and Nomotechnics
    • [ESSD-01] Social Skills Development
    • [EPA-605] Career Search Strategies
    • [ESCHC-01] Selected Chapters in Computing
    • [EBI-502] Web Technologies
    • [EFE-102] Academic Writing in English
    • [EFE-104] Academic Writing in Albanian
    • [EFE-103] Academic Writing in Macedonian
    • [CBA112] Albanian Language for Specific Purposes
    • [EPEG-01] Practical English Grammar
    • [ECE-02] Conversational English
    • [EDOL-03] Digital and Online Literacy
    • [ELE065] Consumer Protection
    • [CLE-302] Trade Law
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ECS-01] Cyber Security
    • [ESML-02] Social Media and the Law
    • [EBEM-503] Business Communication
    • [ELOD-03] Leadership and Organizational Development
    • [EFE-109] Communication Skills
    • [ECTHD-01] Critical Thinking Development
    • [EPRNM-02] Public Relations and New Media

Semester 4

  • [CLE-405] [6 ECTS] Criminal Law - General part
    The Course Criminal Law (general part) is a compulsory course. In this course students will receive basic knowledge about the criminal justice system of North Republic of Macedonia. Special attention will be paid to the study of the main principles of criminal law, the sources of criminal law, the criminal offense and its elements, the expiry of criminal law, the participation of more persons in the execution of the criminal offense, the system of legal and penal actions, etc.
  • [CLE-404] [6 ECTS] Public International Law
    The goal of this course is to introduce students with the basic concepts of public international law, the establishment of this scientific discipline, its development and key aspects.
  • [CLE-402] [6 ECTS] Law of Obligations
    The goals of the course are: students will acquire knowledge about the fundamentals of the Law of obligations and the particular types of obligatory relations. Through the process of education, students will acquire knowledge that they may need in the field of circulation of the civil subjective rights. In the field of the general knowledge on obligations, students will learn the skills needed for the application of the general institutes of the law of obligations in the particular types of obligatory relations. In particular, students will be equipped with the skills of negotiation, of concluding and performing special kinds of obligatory contracts as well as the studying of the mechanisms for the dispute settlement about the fulfillment of debtor obligations. Specially, students should acquire knowledge about ascertaining the extent of the harm and the recovery of loss. Moreover, students will also acquire knowledge about some other types of obligatory relations (unjust enrichment, unilateral declaration of will, etc.).
  • [6 ECTS] Elective course (Language, Skills or Culture)
    • [EFE-105] German Language
    • [BSIL3010] Italian Language
    • [EF999] French Language
    • [EFE-132] Human Rights and Freedoms
    • [EARTL-01] Assisted Reproductive Technology and Law
    • [CCS084] Intercultural Communication
    • [EWC-01] Web Creation
    • [EDMD-02] Digital Media Design
    • [EITSOP-03] IT Skills Office Productivity
    • [EMOA-01] Microsoft Office Access
    • [EMOE-02] Microsoft Office Excel
    • [EMOPP-03] Microsoft Office PowerPoint
    • [EMOW-04] Microsoft Office Word
    • [CLE-203] Legal Writing and Reasoning
    • [EITL-02] Information Technology (IT) Law
    • [EFE-121] Professional Careеr Development
    • [EATN-02] Administrative Terminology and Nomotechnics
    • [ESSD-01] Social Skills Development
    • [EPA-605] Career Search Strategies
    • [ESCHC-01] Selected Chapters in Computing
    • [EBI-502] Web Technologies
    • [EFE-102] Academic Writing in English
    • [EFE-104] Academic Writing in Albanian
    • [EFE-103] Academic Writing in Macedonian
    • [CBA112] Albanian Language for Specific Purposes
    • [EPEG-01] Practical English Grammar
    • [ECE-02] Conversational English
    • [EDOL-03] Digital and Online Literacy
    • [ELE065] Consumer Protection
    • [CLE-302] Trade Law
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ECS-01] Cyber Security
    • [ESML-02] Social Media and the Law
    • [EBEM-503] Business Communication
    • [ELOD-03] Leadership and Organizational Development
    • [EFE-109] Communication Skills
    • [ECTHD-01] Critical Thinking Development
    • [EPRNM-02] Public Relations and New Media
  • [6 ECTS] English for specific purposes 2
    • [LE-01] Legal English 1
    • [LE-02] Legal English 2

Semester 5

  • [CLI-501] [6 ECTS] Informatics
    Solid knowledge of the basics of information-communication technologies, their creation, the current state and the future; the way computers work, Web basics, image processing, video and animations; key areas of information and communication technologies and their impact: the ability to manipulate text, tables, graphs, images, audio and video.
  • [EITL-02] [6 ECTS] Information Technology (IT) Law
    The main goal is for students to become familiar with the possibilities of applying information and communication technologies in the legal profession. Students will be introduced to the general conceptual foundations of legal informatics. Special emphasis is on acquiring skills, that is, practical knowledge in finding and using legal information with the help of new technologies, databases and search engines. Students will also be familiar with the basic issues of e-governance, e-commerce, e-procurement, e-justice and e-democracy.
  • [CLI-502] [6 ECTS] Family Law and Electronic Biomedicine
    The purpose of this course program is to provide students with advanced knowledge of the impact of advances in genetics and assistive reproductive technologies on family law, human rights and child rights, including the effects of international treaties on national legislation. Students will also gain knowledge of theoretical, ethical and legal discussions on biotechnology, biomedicine and family law issues as well as the balance between respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and the need to ensure freedom of research. However, biotechnology does not only affect isolated individuals and their rights, but also the unborn children, the family as the network of life relations and the basic structure of every society, as well as the basis of parenthood and kinship, the social organization as a whole and finally humanity. Special emphasis will be placed on ways of ensuring a balance between the rights and freedoms of the born, but also the birth of human beings and the search for new technologies.
  • [6 ECTS] Elective course
    • [ELE-606] Contemporary Legal Systems in the World
    • [ELE-607] Intellectual Property Law
    • [ELE-608] Notary Law
    • [ELE-609] Alternative Solution of Disputes
    • [ELE-610] The Law of Land Books
    • [ELE088] Consumer Law
    • [ELE011] Banking Law
    • [ELE087] Insurance Law
    • [ELE-611] System of Social Protection of Minors
    • [ELE-612] The Legal-Civil Responsibility for the Caused Damage
    • [CLE-103] Sociology of Law
    • [ELE-613] Tourism Law
    • [ELE-614] Fight Against Corruption
    • [ELE089] Medical Criminal Law
    • [ELE-602] Political Parties and Electoral Systems
    • [ELE-503] Diplomatic and Consular Law
    • [CCR-603] Juvenile Delinquency
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ELE-604] Organized Crime
    • [ELE-605] Local Self-Government
    • [ELE-705] Law on Trade Companies
    • [ELE111] Bancruptcy Law
    • [ELE-701] European Family Law
    • [ELE-702] New reproductive technology and parental rights
    • [ELE-704] Constitutionalism and Human Rights
    • [ELE043] Introduction to American Law
    • [ELE-706] National History of the Law
    • [ELE006] International Humanitarian Law
    • [ELE-707] International Environmental Law
    • [ELE-708] Introduction to Criminalistics
    • [ELE-709] Law on Execution of Criminal Sanctions
  • [6 ECTS] Elective course
    • [ELE-606] Contemporary Legal Systems in the World
    • [ELE-607] Intellectual Property Law
    • [ELE-608] Notary Law
    • [ELE-609] Alternative Solution of Disputes
    • [ELE-610] The Law of Land Books
    • [ELE088] Consumer Law
    • [ELE011] Banking Law
    • [ELE087] Insurance Law
    • [ELE-611] System of Social Protection of Minors
    • [ELE-612] The Legal-Civil Responsibility for the Caused Damage
    • [CLE-103] Sociology of Law
    • [ELE-613] Tourism Law
    • [ELE-614] Fight Against Corruption
    • [ELE089] Medical Criminal Law
    • [ELE-602] Political Parties and Electoral Systems
    • [ELE-503] Diplomatic and Consular Law
    • [CCR-603] Juvenile Delinquency
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ELE-604] Organized Crime
    • [ELE-605] Local Self-Government
    • [ELE-705] Law on Trade Companies
    • [ELE111] Bancruptcy Law
    • [ELE-701] European Family Law
    • [ELE-702] New reproductive technology and parental rights
    • [ELE-704] Constitutionalism and Human Rights
    • [ELE043] Introduction to American Law
    • [ELE-706] National History of the Law
    • [ELE006] International Humanitarian Law
    • [ELE-707] International Environmental Law
    • [ELE-708] Introduction to Criminalistics
    • [ELE-709] Law on Execution of Criminal Sanctions

Semester 6

  • [CLI-601] [6 ECTS] Information Systems, Networks and Security
    Introduction to the basic concepts of computer networks. The student will acquire knowledge related to network architecture, network protocols and network design. The student will get acquainted with the main components and applications of the TCP / IP protocol suite. Studying concepts related to information security; procedures and mechanisms for protection of computer systems from a security aspect; methods used to raise the level of security against unauthorized access.
  • [CLI-602] [6 ECTS] Data Processing
    Introducing students with the basics of data-based science. Learning of terms related to information and data; Understanding the basic concepts and techniques for analyzing and processing data, as well as the ways of visualization and interpretation of the obtained results. Understanding how these technologies affect society and vice versa. Introduction to the delivery of services by Government institutions. Open data and application of information technologies in the processing of these data through case analysis, case studies and best European practices, teamwork in the preparation of a project tasks and presentation of the same.
  • [CLI-603] [6 ECTS] Electronic Cadastre Law
    The purpose of this course program is to provide students with in-depth knowledge of electronic Cadastral Law. Through this program students will be introduced to the constitutive effect of the registration of real estate rights, with a special focus on: - the right to ownership of real estate as constitutionally guaranteed basic economic right of the citizens - real rights related to real estate as rights of first-degree importance, both for the holder of those rights and for the wider social community - writing in the public record for registering real estate rights - the real estate cadastre is a public book in which the registration of the right to ownership and other real estate rights, the real estate data, as well as other rights and facts whose registration is established by law - the property list as a public document proving the registered right of ownership and other real property rights in accordance with the law - multidisciplinary knowledge (geodetic works, electronic services) that will enable them to essentially solve the issues from this area of registration of real estate rights - Preparation of a domain profile (model) for the real estate register that will ensure the operability of the system. - Recognition of comparative law in this area of neighboring countries, European Union Member States and Anglo-Saxon law.
  • [6 ECTS] Elective course
    • [ELE-606] Contemporary Legal Systems in the World
    • [ELE-607] Intellectual Property Law
    • [ELE-608] Notary Law
    • [ELE-609] Alternative Solution of Disputes
    • [ELE-610] The Law of Land Books
    • [ELE088] Consumer Law
    • [ELE011] Banking Law
    • [ELE087] Insurance Law
    • [ELE-611] System of Social Protection of Minors
    • [ELE-612] The Legal-Civil Responsibility for the Caused Damage
    • [CLE-103] Sociology of Law
    • [ELE-613] Tourism Law
    • [ELE-614] Fight Against Corruption
    • [ELE089] Medical Criminal Law
    • [ELE-602] Political Parties and Electoral Systems
    • [ELE-503] Diplomatic and Consular Law
    • [CCR-603] Juvenile Delinquency
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ELE-604] Organized Crime
    • [ELE-605] Local Self-Government
    • [ELE-705] Law on Trade Companies
    • [ELE111] Bancruptcy Law
    • [ELE-701] European Family Law
    • [ELE-702] New reproductive technology and parental rights
    • [ELE-704] Constitutionalism and Human Rights
    • [ELE043] Introduction to American Law
    • [ELE-706] National History of the Law
    • [ELE006] International Humanitarian Law
    • [ELE-707] International Environmental Law
    • [ELE-708] Introduction to Criminalistics
    • [ELE-709] Law on Execution of Criminal Sanctions
  • [6 ECTS] Elective course
    • [ELE-606] Contemporary Legal Systems in the World
    • [ELE-607] Intellectual Property Law
    • [ELE-608] Notary Law
    • [ELE-609] Alternative Solution of Disputes
    • [ELE-610] The Law of Land Books
    • [ELE088] Consumer Law
    • [ELE011] Banking Law
    • [ELE087] Insurance Law
    • [ELE-611] System of Social Protection of Minors
    • [ELE-612] The Legal-Civil Responsibility for the Caused Damage
    • [CLE-103] Sociology of Law
    • [ELE-613] Tourism Law
    • [ELE-614] Fight Against Corruption
    • [ELE089] Medical Criminal Law
    • [ELE-602] Political Parties and Electoral Systems
    • [ELE-503] Diplomatic and Consular Law
    • [CCR-603] Juvenile Delinquency
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ELE-604] Organized Crime
    • [ELE-605] Local Self-Government
    • [ELE-705] Law on Trade Companies
    • [ELE111] Bancruptcy Law
    • [ELE-701] European Family Law
    • [ELE-702] New reproductive technology and parental rights
    • [ELE-704] Constitutionalism and Human Rights
    • [ELE043] Introduction to American Law
    • [ELE-706] National History of the Law
    • [ELE006] International Humanitarian Law
    • [ELE-707] International Environmental Law
    • [ELE-708] Introduction to Criminalistics
    • [ELE-709] Law on Execution of Criminal Sanctions

Semester 7

  • [CLI-701] [6 ECTS] Systems Based on Artificial Intelligence
    The student will gain in-depth knowledge in the basic areas of artificial intelligence, such as searching, solving problems, presenting knowledge, judging, making decisions, planning, learning, and applying them. The students will also be able to design and realize the key problems of intelligent systems of medium complexity and to assess their behavior.
  • [CLI-702] [6 ECTS] Electronic Trade and Banking Law
    Students will gain in-depth knowledge of electronic trading and banking law in the Republic of North Macedonia, the EU and globally. Especially for e-commerce and its features and security as well as electronic payments and domain protection, with particular reference to the internet contracts and the manner of their conclusion. Special emphasis will be placed on the legal protection of consumers in electronic commerce and e-banking, with particular reference to the legal practice in the EU, in the world as well as in domestic law.
  • [CLI-703] [6 ECTS] European Data Protection Law
    Students will gain in-depth knowledge of EU data protection standards based on Council of Europe Convention 108, EU instruments - including the general data protection legislation and the Data Protection Directive for the police and criminal justice bodies as well as the relevant case law of the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union. The rapid development of information technology has detracted the need for stable protection of personal data, the right to protect the instruments of the European Union (EU) and the Council of Europe (CoE). Preserving this important right is causing new and significant challenges, as technological advancements extend the boundaries of areas such as surveillance, communications monitoring and data storage. The subject program is important for students because our societies are becoming increasingly digitized. The pace of technological development and how personal data is processed affects every one of us every day and in all sorts of ways in the light of these changes. The legal frameworks of the European Union (EU) and the Council of Europe that protect the protection of privacy and personal data have recently been reviewed. Europe is at the forefront of data protection worldwide.
  • [6 ECTS] Elective course
    • [ELE-606] Contemporary Legal Systems in the World
    • [ELE-607] Intellectual Property Law
    • [ELE-608] Notary Law
    • [ELE-609] Alternative Solution of Disputes
    • [ELE-610] The Law of Land Books
    • [ELE088] Consumer Law
    • [ELE011] Banking Law
    • [ELE087] Insurance Law
    • [ELE-611] System of Social Protection of Minors
    • [ELE-612] The Legal-Civil Responsibility for the Caused Damage
    • [CLE-103] Sociology of Law
    • [ELE-613] Tourism Law
    • [ELE-614] Fight Against Corruption
    • [ELE089] Medical Criminal Law
    • [ELE-602] Political Parties and Electoral Systems
    • [ELE-503] Diplomatic and Consular Law
    • [CCR-603] Juvenile Delinquency
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ELE-604] Organized Crime
    • [ELE-605] Local Self-Government
    • [ELE-705] Law on Trade Companies
    • [ELE111] Bancruptcy Law
    • [ELE-701] European Family Law
    • [ELE-702] New reproductive technology and parental rights
    • [ELE-704] Constitutionalism and Human Rights
    • [ELE043] Introduction to American Law
    • [ELE-706] National History of the Law
    • [ELE006] International Humanitarian Law
    • [ELE-707] International Environmental Law
    • [ELE-708] Introduction to Criminalistics
    • [ELE-709] Law on Execution of Criminal Sanctions
  • [6 ECTS] Elective course
    • [ELE-606] Contemporary Legal Systems in the World
    • [ELE-607] Intellectual Property Law
    • [ELE-608] Notary Law
    • [ELE-609] Alternative Solution of Disputes
    • [ELE-610] The Law of Land Books
    • [ELE088] Consumer Law
    • [ELE011] Banking Law
    • [ELE087] Insurance Law
    • [ELE-611] System of Social Protection of Minors
    • [ELE-612] The Legal-Civil Responsibility for the Caused Damage
    • [CLE-103] Sociology of Law
    • [ELE-613] Tourism Law
    • [ELE-614] Fight Against Corruption
    • [ELE089] Medical Criminal Law
    • [ELE-602] Political Parties and Electoral Systems
    • [ELE-503] Diplomatic and Consular Law
    • [CCR-603] Juvenile Delinquency
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ELE-604] Organized Crime
    • [ELE-605] Local Self-Government
    • [ELE-705] Law on Trade Companies
    • [ELE111] Bancruptcy Law
    • [ELE-701] European Family Law
    • [ELE-702] New reproductive technology and parental rights
    • [ELE-704] Constitutionalism and Human Rights
    • [ELE043] Introduction to American Law
    • [ELE-706] National History of the Law
    • [ELE006] International Humanitarian Law
    • [ELE-707] International Environmental Law
    • [ELE-708] Introduction to Criminalistics
    • [ELE-709] Law on Execution of Criminal Sanctions

Semester 8

  • [CLI-801] [6 ECTS] Administrative Procedure for Internet Domain Names Registration and Legal Protection
    Through this course program, students will acquire comprehensive knowledge of law and practice regarding Internet domain names at the international, European and national levels, combined with detailed comparative research on the most important domain names. The subject program covers the development of judicial law in this area, administrative procedures for domain name registration on the Internet as well as procedures for alternative dispute resolution at national, regional and international level, analysis of dispute resolution processes at each of those levels and strategic guidelines for managing domain names as part of an overall brand strategy.
  • [CLI-802] [6 ECTS] E-Contracts, E-Insurance and E-Signature
    Students will gain in-depth knowledge of the legal status of electronic contracting and electronic signature as well as the development of treatment and acceptance of electronic agreements through changes in legislation and jurisprudence, especially in the framework of supranational EU legislation, as a compromise between the solutions existing in the Member States, with the progressive unification of legal rules to a new common legal model of the electronic bargaining framework and electronic signature.
  • [CLI-803] [6 ECTS] Computer Criminal Law
    Through this course program students will deepen their knowledge of computer criminal law. The information and communication revolution in the world of the global computer network-Internet has brought with it new forms of socially unacceptable behavior that need to be properly criminalized. Global computer networks have created opportunities for new forms of crime committed through computers. In particular, students will acquire knowledge about computers and networks as well as the way they work, the basic concepts of the Internet, the role of internet service providers, and the way in which information and communication technologies are used to commit crimes, as well as international standards and domestic law; jurisprudence in the field of computer criminal law.
  • [CLI-804] [6 ECTS] Digital Forensics
    Upon completion of the course students will gain knowledge about the principles and techniques needed for a digital forensic investigation. Students will also gain hands-on experience to work with various forensic tools for different operating systems. The purpose of this course program is for students to gain in-depth knowledge of digital forensics as a multidisciplinary science which combines a variety of scientific disciplines (computer science, law, criminology) with a number of challenges in terms of mass generation of digital data, virtualization, client and server-side, failure to comply with standards bodies and the general lack of many standards and experts in all disciplines. The program includes a number of applications of digital forensics, such as computer forensics, a mobile device, forensic systems of modern vehicles, sensor networks, etc. Special emphasis will be placed on the digital forensics of computer systems based on Windows and Linux platforms, focusing on specific areas in the implemented proactive digital forensics system, which may indicate forensic relevant events critical to the security of the system.
  • [6 ECTS] Elective course
    • [ELE-606] Contemporary Legal Systems in the World
    • [ELE-607] Intellectual Property Law
    • [ELE-608] Notary Law
    • [ELE-609] Alternative Solution of Disputes
    • [ELE-610] The Law of Land Books
    • [ELE088] Consumer Law
    • [ELE011] Banking Law
    • [ELE087] Insurance Law
    • [ELE-611] System of Social Protection of Minors
    • [ELE-612] The Legal-Civil Responsibility for the Caused Damage
    • [CLE-103] Sociology of Law
    • [ELE-613] Tourism Law
    • [ELE-614] Fight Against Corruption
    • [ELE089] Medical Criminal Law
    • [ELE-602] Political Parties and Electoral Systems
    • [ELE-503] Diplomatic and Consular Law
    • [CCR-603] Juvenile Delinquency
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ELE-604] Organized Crime
    • [ELE-605] Local Self-Government
    • [ELE-705] Law on Trade Companies
    • [ELE111] Bancruptcy Law
    • [ELE-701] European Family Law
    • [ELE-702] New reproductive technology and parental rights
    • [ELE-704] Constitutionalism and Human Rights
    • [ELE043] Introduction to American Law
    • [ELE-706] National History of the Law
    • [ELE006] International Humanitarian Law
    • [ELE-707] International Environmental Law
    • [ELE-708] Introduction to Criminalistics
    • [ELE-709] Law on Execution of Criminal Sanctions
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