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Programme:

Legal Studies - Legal Informatics (2024/2025)

Study Cycle: First Cycle (Undergraduate)
Faculty: Law
Programme Code: N-LI-240
Academic year: 2023 / 2024
Title: Bachelor of Lаw - Legal Informatics
ECTS: 240 (4 years) Accrediation
Decision: Decision for starting of the program

The study program Legal Informatics aims:

  • To meet the needs of all those who think about their further career in the field of legal science through the application of information technologies.
  • To provide a number of case programs that include basic legal knowledge for professions related to the sphere of law in the field of information technologies.
  • To provide solid and systematic knowledge on electronic services and digitalization in the fields of banking law, contractual law, insurance law, cadastral law and administrative law.
  • To ensure fundamental knowledge of the basic concepts and principles of the positive law of the Republic of North Macedonia, and its mode of functioning in the European and international context.
  • To provide opportunities for lectures by visiting international academic staff.
  • To develop the critical awareness of the law in the comparative, historical, socio-economic and political context and to provide students with different theoretical and practical concepts related to legal studies in the field of information technologies.
  • To enable students to stay and study abroad as part of student exchange programs.
  • To provide a range of options that will enable students to study specific areas of IT law.
  • To enable students to be part of a research activity within their studies.
  • To provide an opportunity to develop personal skills, communication, research and other relevant skills needed for employment of graduates in institutions that have already established contacts through the SEEU Career Center.
  • To emphasize multilingual teaching and to promote inter-ethnic and intercultural dialogue and mutual cooperation.
  • In line with the knowledge and skills gained from this undergraduate study program of the Faculty of Law, graduated students will be able to identify legal issues and processes in the field of information technologies to be explored and to use primary and secondary resources to effectively investigate legal science and practice regarding the protection of personal data in the domestic and European context, to critically evaluate legal issues and processes both in terms of doctrine and socio-economic aspects.

Students who graduate from this study program are expected to have a relatively fast job opportunity not only at home but also at European and international levels, due to the competencies they receive through this study program. Upon completion of the studies, students will be trained for employment in institutions and organizations for performing highly specialized work in the legal profession in the private and public sector, such as:

-International and European organizations and institutions

- Courts

- Public prosecutor's offices

- Notary

- Executors

- Attorneys' offices

- Banks,

- Insurance companies

- Trading Associations

- Cadastre

- State and public administration

- Ministries, directorates, institutes and agencies

- Media

 - NGOs

 - Scientific research, educational and professional institutions.

Knowledge and understanding

Students will deepen the knowledge in the field of information technologies and their application in law by improving the knowledge about the advanced concepts in the field of legal informatics.

Students will be able to gain comparable knowledge of information technologies of countries in the region, as well as in the European Union and the practice of the European Court of Human Rights regarding the protection of personal data in the domain of the Internet.

Students will be able to connect, transfer and develop knowledge in the field of information technology, administration, law and informatics.

Applying knowledge and understanding

Students will have the opportunity to develop information systems and software in the domain of law as well as to apply acquired knowledge within various legal analyzes of information technologies as well as a solid basis for comparing the legal regulations from the domestic, European and international law in the area of information technologies in the direction of improvement and approximation of the domestic legislation to the European legislation.

Making judgement

Students will identify, interpret, analyze and solve legal problems in the field of information technologies;

Students will interpret and synthesize the significance of legal norms as part of the legal system and apply it in numerous situations that may arise in information technologies;

Students will critically appreciate and interpret the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights in the field of information technology and personal data protection.

Students will analyze, plan, develop and update information systems as well as computerization of various legal, commercial, banking and business processes.

Communication skills

Students will communicate effectively, verbally and in writing with public and private entities;

Students will write and edit basic documents with legal and electronic character;

Students will recognize the specific legal terminology for this subject area for describing and explaining the notions and institutes of this study program;

Students will take the initiative and responsibility for individual and group activities through which effective participation in the legal profession is carried out.

Learning skills

Students will take the initiative and responsibility to identify and implement learning needs in the most important branches of information technology law;

Students will develop a learning system that includes identifying, classifying, synthesizing and using different professional sources;

Students will acquire the skills to use the library to deepen legal knowledge;

Students will also use advanced computer skills to acquire legal knowledge;

Semester 1

  • [CLE-101] [6 ECTS] Introduction to Law
    - Students gain basic knowledge about the law and the State; - Students are enabled to acquire theoretical knowledge related to the various forms of the State; - Critical review of the law as a social phenomenon; - Students are encouraged to do analytical review related to the problems faced by the State and the law in terms of globalization and European integration; - At the end of the course students will be able to distinguish the basic forms of the State and the law; - To explain the basic notions of the State and the law and their connection with real life; - To gain a basic, introductory and general knowledge of the State and the law that will be needed for their further studies in general legal sciences; 
  • [CBE-101] [6 ECTS] Introduction to Economics
    The primary purpose of this course is to develop a basic understanding of the major economic concepts and theories used in analyzing economic issues. This course is designed in a way to equip students with basic principles, concepts and techniques in doing economic analysis. At the end of the course the students should be able to “think like an economist”. This course provides a survey of the principles of micro- and macroeconomics with a focus on applied managerial decision-making in a global setting. Upon completion of the course, students should be able to: utilize the demand and supply model to determine the impact of changes in demand or supply on price and quantity; define GDP and describe its measurement, uses, and limitations as a measure of economic well-being; define Inflation and describe its measurement, consequences, and how to adjust for it; as well as describe the role and tools of a central bank.
  • [CLE-104] [6 ECTS] History of Law
    The course aims to: - To familiarize students with the historical development of the law and the State, and the main legal and social notions. - To gain knowledge about the historical development of the legal opinion in a way that students can understand legal opinions in the past and present. - The students should be able to distinguish socio- legal formations in the past and to understand their evolution. - To enable students to gain knowledge about the historical development of specific parts of positive law (civil, criminal, administrative, family and inheritance law, etc.,). - To make students to be able to understand the logic of functioning of the State and the law in ancient civilizations and in the Middle Ages and to create ideas by connecting them with modern times.
  • [3 ECTS] Albanian/Macedonian Language
    • [BAM1010] Albanian Language for Beginners 1
    • [BAM2010] Albanian Language for Beginners 2
    • [BS018] Macedonian Language for Beginners 1
    • [BS152] Macedonian Language for Beginners 2
    • [MLIL-01] Macedonian Language Intermediate Level 1
    • [MLIL-02] Macedonian Language Intermediate Level 2
    • [MAPP1010] Macedonian Language for Professional Purposes 1
    • [MAPP1020] Macedonian Language for Professional Purposes 2
  • [3 ECTS] English Language
    • [E2532] English Language 1
    • [E2533] English Language 2
    • [E2534] English Language 3
    • [E2535] English Language 4
    • [E2536] English Language 5
    • [LE-01] Legal English 1
    • [LE-02] Legal English 2
  • [6 ECTS] Elective Course from Digital Competencies
    • [E2610] Selected chapters in IT Skills
    • [E2694] Microsoft Office Excel
    • [EMOA-01] Microsoft Office Access
    • [EMOPP-03] Microsoft Office PowerPoint
    • [EMOW-04] Microsoft Office Word
    • [EWC-01] Web Creation
    • [EDMD-02] Digital Media Design
    • [E2609] Google Education Apps
    • [E2741] IT Hardware and Software Fundamentals
    • [E2742] Introduction to Cybersecurity

Semester 2

  • [CLE-201] [6 ECTS] Constitutional Law
    Objectives of the course: - To gain knowledge about concepts, phenomena and institutes of Constitutional Law and the State institutions in the Republic of North Macedonia (RNM) including the various theoretical positions on them; - To gain specific knowledge on constitutional law as a science and legal branch, including a comparative analysis of the situation and perspectives of the same in regional and European domain; - Through this module students will acquire basic theoretical and practical knowledge about the organization of state power in the RNM as well as about the freedoms and rights of man and citizen; - To encourage critical thinking by students about the basic issues related to constitutional order in the RNM as well as in the EU by taking into account the profile of a European lawyer that in the future as an expert will need to interpret and apply the European constitutional law both at national and the European level; - The course will address the relevant issues in constitutional law in a comparative and a national perspective because in an era of globalization, constitutional law can not be understood if considered solely in national terms; - The course will also cover: the new Rules of Procedure of the Parliament which has a key role in developing parliamentary democracy in the Republic, the new laws regulating constitutional issues such as the laws related to the judiciary, local government, electoral system, civil society, defence, foreign policy, etc.; - Besides this normative component, the course will include also the practice of the central government bodies in the RNM such as the Assembly, the Government, the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court which plays a major role on constitutional law as a science; - it will also include constitutional amendments of 2001 that have a major impact on the “majority democracy” in the RNM and the fundamental values of the constitutional order of the RM as well as the constitutional amendments of 2005 in connection to the judicial reforms in the RM; - At the end of the course, students will be able to make fundamental and substantive differentiation between constitutional institutions, their interconnection and their practical operation; - To make the necessary theoretical and practical differentiation of concepts, phenomena and institutes of constitutional law; - To describe and analyze the various processes within the constitutional system and the order of the RNM in all aspects of the constitutional life of the country which means the life of persons, citizen, state and ethnic communities;
  • [CLE-204] [6 ECTS] Civil Law – General Part
    Тhe Civile Law – General part study program aims to provide students with basic knowledge in this area. Upon completion of the semester, students are expected to have acquired theoretical knowledge on the notions and major institutes of civil law such as: the principles of civil law, the sources of civil law, the legal subjects and their legal capacity and the capacity to act, the civil legal relations, etc. Students will be trained to make the necessary theoretical and practical differences of notions and phenomena of a juridical character in the RNM legal system, to distinguish their basic and essential characteristics, and to note their importance and function in practice.
  • [CLE1020] [6 ECTS] Roman Law
    The aims of the course: - to provide students with information about the process of the creation, development and change of the institutions and norms of Roman law under the influence of different historical circumstances; - to introduce students with the role of Roman law as a unifying force in the European legal tradition; - to offer students the possibility of learning the basics of Roman legal terminology; - to present the history of Roman legal thought from its beginnings in the Republican period in Rome; - to explain the historical importance of the perception of the Roman law in continental Europe.
  • [3 ECTS] English Language
    • [E2532] English Language 1
    • [E2533] English Language 2
    • [E2534] English Language 3
    • [E2535] English Language 4
    • [E2536] English Language 5
    • [LE-01] Legal English 1
    • [LE-02] Legal English 2
  • [6 ECTS] Elective Course from Digital Competencies
    • [E2610] Selected chapters in IT Skills
    • [E2694] Microsoft Office Excel
    • [EMOA-01] Microsoft Office Access
    • [EMOPP-03] Microsoft Office PowerPoint
    • [EMOW-04] Microsoft Office Word
    • [EWC-01] Web Creation
    • [EDMD-02] Digital Media Design
    • [E2609] Google Education Apps
    • [E2741] IT Hardware and Software Fundamentals
    • [E2742] Introduction to Cybersecurity
  • [3 ECTS] Albanian/Macedonian Language
    • [BAM1010] Albanian Language for Beginners 1
    • [BAM2010] Albanian Language for Beginners 2
    • [BS018] Macedonian Language for Beginners 1
    • [BS152] Macedonian Language for Beginners 2
    • [MLIL-01] Macedonian Language Intermediate Level 1
    • [MLIL-02] Macedonian Language Intermediate Level 2
    • [MAPP1010] Macedonian Language for Professional Purposes 1
    • [MAPP1020] Macedonian Language for Professional Purposes 2

Semester 3

  • [CLE2030] [6 ECTS] Administrative Law
    The course framework includes studying Administrative Material and Procedural Law. It focuses on the principles of organization, operation and scope of the administrative authorities, the main activities that constitute the administrative functions, administrative acts and the relationship between citizens and administration. The objectives of the course consist in that students can: - Define and understand the concepts of administration and administrative functions; -Recognize and analyse the legal framework that governs an organization and functioning of public administration in Republic of North Macedonia; - Recognize the main activities of the administrative office; - Distinguish between the types of acts of the administration and to adopt the first steps to creating such acts; -Learn the types of administrative supervision; -Recognize mechanisms of control of the administration and its accountability to other state bodies, but also to their clients-users of its services; -Acquire abilities and skills for future employment in the organs of administration of RNM, NGO Institutions and all Institutions that deal with subjects of administrative legal nature.
  • [CLE025] [6 ECTS] Property Law
    The aim of the course Property Law is to provide students with basic knowledge in this area. After the completion of the semester, students are expected to have gained knowledge related to the notion and scope of property law, the subjects of property law, the principles of property law, the possession, the right to property, the right of servitude, lien rights, the Real Servitudes for public records, etc. It is expected that students will develop awareness on these institutes and the critical skills to approach the law and legal argument in the field of property law.
  • [CLE-404] [6 ECTS] Public International Law
    The goal of this course is to introduce students with the basic concepts of public international law, the establishment of this scientific discipline, its development and key aspects.
  • [CLE024] [6 ECTS] Family Law
    The purpose of this course program is to enable students to gain in-depth knowledge of the legal regulation of relationships between family members based od marriage and kinship. Special emphasis is given to the main institutions of family law: marriage, parental rights and responsibilities, adoptions, guardianship, as well as Personal family Rights and Property family Rights, extramarital union.
  • [C2069] [3 ECTS] Oral Communication
    Aims of the course program: - To develop verbal communication skills. - To be able to be actively involved in a discussion on a particular topic. - To master the techniques for successful communication. - To express their critical opinion on certain topics. - To apply the adopted techniques in their professional career.
  • [3 ECTS] English Language
    • [E2532] English Language 1
    • [E2533] English Language 2
    • [E2534] English Language 3
    • [E2535] English Language 4
    • [E2536] English Language 5
    • [LE-01] Legal English 1
    • [LE-02] Legal English 2

Semester 4

  • [C2070] [3 ECTS] Written Communication
    Course objectives: - To gain knowledge about the writing process (stages in creating a text). - To approve the standard language norms. - To achieve an academic level for written expressions in Albanian, Macedonian or English, which will apply the previously acquired knowledge of the standard language. - Encourage student motivation for written expressions regardless of text types and forms. - To approve the criteria of textuality, which are essential for a text. - Acquisition of materials search skills (libraries and online resources).
  • [CLE5010] [6 ECTS] Inheritance Law
    The main objective of the this course is to familiarize the students with the basic principles of inheritance in the Republic of North Macedonia, as well as to acquire knowledge about the basic hereditary institutes that regulate the inheritance in the Republic of North Macedonia. Also, through this course, as part of comparative law, students will be informed about contemporary systems of inheritance law, especially the main differences between the Continental system and the Common Law system.
  • [CLE-403] [6 ECTS] EU Law
    After completing this course, students are expected at least to be able to know the essence and the volume of EU Law, to have a complete view on the organizational and legal structure of the EU in accordance with the changes that were introduced with the Lisbon Agreement; to be able to interpret and apply correctly the provisions from EU Acts; this will enable students to study further in a detailed manner the more specialized legal disciplines which deal with the EU Law.
  • [CLE-405] [6 ECTS] Criminal Law - General part
    The Course Criminal Law (general part) is a compulsory course. In this course students will receive basic knowledge about the criminal justice system of Republic of North Macedonia. Special attention will be paid to the study of the main principles of criminal law, the sources of criminal law, the criminal offense and its elements, the expiry of criminal law, the participation of more persons in the execution of the criminal offense, the system of legal and penal actions, etc.
  • [CLE-402] [6 ECTS] Law of Obligations
    The goals of the course are: students will acquire knowledge about the fundamentals of the Law on Obligations and the particular types of obligatory relations. Through the process of education, students will acquire knowledge that they may need in the field of circulation of the civil subjective rights. In the field of the general knowledge on obligations, students will learn the skills needed for the application of the general institutes of the law of obligations in the particular types of obligatory relations. In particular, students will be equipped with the skills of negotiation, of concluding and performing special kinds of obligatory contracts as well as studying the mechanisms for the dispute settlement about the fulfilment of debtor obligations. Students should also acquire knowledge about ascertaining the extent of the harm and the recovery of loss. Moreover, students will also acquire knowledge about some other types of obligatory relations (unjust enrichment, unilateral declaration of will, etc.).
  • [3 ECTS] English Language
    • [E2532] English Language 1
    • [E2533] English Language 2
    • [E2534] English Language 3
    • [E2535] English Language 4
    • [E2536] English Language 5
    • [LE-01] Legal English 1
    • [LE-02] Legal English 2

Semester 5

  • [CLE-302] [6 ECTS] Trade Law
    The goal of the course is to offer students fundamental knowledge from the field of Trade Law. In this respect, students are acquainted with the legal rules about carrying out certain business activities, the conditions for establishing and registering the business entities including sole traders as well as the modes of cessation of business entireties; the modes of commercial legal relationships that arise between business entities and their effects and repercussions; activities that are carried out with bills of exchange; the protection of intellectual property rights; consumers protection; the unfair competition; etc.
  • [C2458] [6 ECTS] Criminal Law - Special part
    The special part of the criminal law is a system of legal provisions for criminal acts and sanctions for those acts. The subject of the special part is determining which behavior of the person will be registered as criminal acts and how will be the shape and scope of the penal- legal reaction for their commitment contrary to the established prohibitions.
  • [CLE4030] [6 ECTS] Labour and Social Security Law
    The Labour Law and Social Security course will enable students: - to become familiar with issues that are an integral part of labour law, starting from the fundamental premise that each of us one day will be employed and therefore the knowledge of labour rights represents a struggle for a better quality of life; - to learn about various aspects of exercise of the rights and performance of duties and responsibilities from labour relations as well as legal institutions in the field of labour; - to study the labour relations in practice through the procedure of employment, entering into employment contract, exercising and protecting the rights, the responsibility of employees, termination of employment i.e. termination of the validity of employment contract; - to create specific legal acts relating to institutions covered by the positive law in the field of labour relations in the Republic of North Macedonia; - to provide various forms of student participation and to incorporate the possibility of gaining more points from classroom the activity;
  • [6 ECTS] Elective Course from Other Units
    • [CPA-101] Introduction to Public Administration
    • [CPA-201] Public Leadership and Organizational Development
    • [CPA-302] Introduction to Public Policies
    • [CLE-101] Introduction to Law
    • [ELE-708] Introduction to Criminalistics
    • [E2843] Labor and Social Security Law
    • [E2842] International Law on Human Rights
    • [ELE-607] Intellectual Property Law
    • [EARTL-01] Assisted Reproductive Technology and Law
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [CCS-101] Introduction to Computer Sciences
    • [CCS-102] Internet Technologies
    • [CCS-402] Applied Probability and Statistics
    • [ECS-500] E-Commerce
    • [CISM2021] Introduction to Information Systems
    • [ECS3060] IT Professional Ethics
    • [EFE-129] Albanian Language and Writing Culture
    • [EFE-105] German Language 1-4
    • [EEL-613] Multiculturalism in Teaching English Language
    • [EFE-108 ] Intercultural Studies
    • [E2539] Critical Reasoning and Thinking
    • [E2841] Media and Information Literacy
    • [EPRNM-02] Public Relations and New Media
    • [ECM-602] Media and Society
    • [CBE-101] Introduction to Economics and Business
    • [CBE-103] Principles of Management
    • [EBEM-503] Business Communication
    • [EBE-408] Project Management
    • [EBE-403] Business Plan
    • [EBE-409] Corporate Social Responsibility and Ethics
    • [EF999] French Language 1-2-3
    • [BSIL3010] Italian Language 1-2-3
    • [EFE-102] Academic Writing in English
    • [EDOL-03] Digital and Online Literacy
    • [ECE-02] Conversational English
    • [E2529] Communication Skills in a Professional Setting in English
    • [E2530] Fiction and Fun
    • [E2531] English Literature and Film
    • [E2540] Macedonian Language for Legal and EU terminology
    • [E2739] Ethics in Public Institutions
  • [6 ECTS] General Elective Course
    • [ELE-708] Introduction to Criminalistics
    • [ELE-401] Juvenile Deliquency
    • [CCR6010] International Criminal Law
    • [ECR-401] Police Law
    • [ELE-604] Organized Crime
    • [ELE-607] Intellectual Property Law
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ELE-605 ] Local Self-Government
    • [E2844] New Reproductive Technologies and Law
    • [ELE-602] Political Parties and Electoral Systems
    • [ELE-704] Constitutionalism and Human Rights
    • [E2845] Contemporary Legal Systems
    • [E2842] International Law on Human Rights
    • [ELE-707] International Environmental Law
    • [ELE-609] Alternative Solution of Disputes
    • [CLE-803] Philosophy of Law
    • [ELE-503] Diplomatic and Consular Law
    • [E2848] International Organizations
    • [CCR-403] Victimology
    • [ECR-601] Economic Crime

Semester 6

  • [CLE-802] [6 ECTS] Financial Law
    The course objective is to provide students with basic knowledge from the area of financial law or the legal financial relations (from the substantive and formal legal aspect).
  • [CLE5020] [6 ECTS] Administrative Procedure Law
    Aims of the course: Administrative Procedure Law includes two separate areas (parts): the administrative procedure and the administrative dispute, which represent the basic subject of the study of the formal (procedural) part of administrative law. The coursework enables students to acquire knowledge through which they can easily understand, explain and analyze issues related to the concepts and institutes of administrative procedural law. The first part explains the procedure (action) of the public and state administration bodies in the application of the material legal norms when directly applying the legal provisions in specific cases, they decide on the rights, obligations or legal interests of individuals, legal entities or other parties. The second part explains the judicial control of the legality of the final administrative acts-the control over the performance of administrative activity and public services.
  • [CLE-503] [6 ECTS] Criminal Procedure Law
    The purpose of the course Criminal Procedural Law is to familiarize the students with the provisions of the law on criminal procedural that legally regulate the activities of the procedural authorities and other procedural parties and enable the students for their application in legal practice.
  • [6 ECTS] Elective Course from Other Units
    • [CPA-101] Introduction to Public Administration
    • [CPA-201] Public Leadership and Organizational Development
    • [CPA-302] Introduction to Public Policies
    • [CLE-101] Introduction to Law
    • [ELE-708] Introduction to Criminalistics
    • [E2843] Labor and Social Security Law
    • [E2842] International Law on Human Rights
    • [ELE-607] Intellectual Property Law
    • [EARTL-01] Assisted Reproductive Technology and Law
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [CCS-101] Introduction to Computer Sciences
    • [CCS-102] Internet Technologies
    • [CCS-402] Applied Probability and Statistics
    • [ECS-500] E-Commerce
    • [CISM2021] Introduction to Information Systems
    • [ECS3060] IT Professional Ethics
    • [EFE-129] Albanian Language and Writing Culture
    • [EFE-105] German Language 1-4
    • [EEL-613] Multiculturalism in Teaching English Language
    • [EFE-108 ] Intercultural Studies
    • [E2539] Critical Reasoning and Thinking
    • [E2841] Media and Information Literacy
    • [EPRNM-02] Public Relations and New Media
    • [ECM-602] Media and Society
    • [CBE-101] Introduction to Economics and Business
    • [CBE-103] Principles of Management
    • [EBEM-503] Business Communication
    • [EBE-408] Project Management
    • [EBE-403] Business Plan
    • [EBE-409] Corporate Social Responsibility and Ethics
    • [EF999] French Language 1-2-3
    • [BSIL3010] Italian Language 1-2-3
    • [EFE-102] Academic Writing in English
    • [EDOL-03] Digital and Online Literacy
    • [ECE-02] Conversational English
    • [E2529] Communication Skills in a Professional Setting in English
    • [E2530] Fiction and Fun
    • [E2531] English Literature and Film
    • [E2540] Macedonian Language for Legal and EU terminology
    • [E2739] Ethics in Public Institutions
  • [6 ECTS] General Elective Course
    • [ELE-708] Introduction to Criminalistics
    • [ELE-401] Juvenile Deliquency
    • [CCR6010] International Criminal Law
    • [ECR-401] Police Law
    • [ELE-604] Organized Crime
    • [ELE-607] Intellectual Property Law
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ELE-605 ] Local Self-Government
    • [E2844] New Reproductive Technologies and Law
    • [ELE-602] Political Parties and Electoral Systems
    • [ELE-704] Constitutionalism and Human Rights
    • [E2845] Contemporary Legal Systems
    • [E2842] International Law on Human Rights
    • [ELE-707] International Environmental Law
    • [ELE-609] Alternative Solution of Disputes
    • [CLE-803] Philosophy of Law
    • [ELE-503] Diplomatic and Consular Law
    • [E2848] International Organizations
    • [CCR-403] Victimology
    • [ECR-601] Economic Crime

Semester 7

  • [EITL-02] [6 ECTS] Information Technology (IT) Law
    The main goal is for students to become familiar with the possibilities of applying information and communication technologies in the legal profession. Students will be introduced to the general conceptual foundations of legal informatics. Special emphasis is on acquiring skills, that is, practical knowledge in finding and using legal information with the help of new technologies, databases and search engines. Students will also be familiar with the basic issues of e-governance, e-commerce, e-procurement, e-justice and e-democracy.
  • [C2455] [6 ECTS] Artificial Intelligence and Law
    Artificial intelligence is on a tremendous growth trajectory and it is getting a foothold in almost any aspect of life. The aim of this course is to examine a broad range of technological, but most importantly a debate to legal and policy challenges posed by artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning and other emergent technologies. The course will analyze and develop legal and ethical policy frameworks that aim to ensure AI is developed in an ethical, reliable and that it will help citizens and other stakeholders that artificial intelligence will benefit them.
  • [CLI-602] [6 ECTS] Data Processing
    The aim of this course is to familiarize the student with the concept of data, definition of data, types of data, recognition of data, sources of data, collection, etc. The course continues to acquaint the student with forms and methods of collection, identification of important data, detection of missing data, elementary data processing (such as cleaning and some statistical operations) and adaptation of data for further use. The student who successfully completes the course will be able to recognize, manipulate and successfully use data in the field of justice and from the field of justice.
  • [6 ECTS] Professional Elective Course
    • [CLI-702] Electronic Trade and Banking Law
    • [CLI-502] Family Law and Electronic Biomedicine
    • [E2850] Cyber Security
    • [CLI-603] Electronic Cadastral Law
    • [CLI-803] Computer Criminal Law
    • [CLI-501] Informatics
    • [CLI-801] Administrative Procedure for Internet Domain Names Registration and Legal Protection
    • [CLI-802] E-contracts, e-insurance and e-signature
    • [CLE-704] Civil Procedure Law (Contentious Law)
  • [6 ECTS] General Elective Course
    • [ELE-708] Introduction to Criminalistics
    • [ELE-401] Juvenile Deliquency
    • [CCR6010] International Criminal Law
    • [ECR-401] Police Law
    • [ELE-604] Organized Crime
    • [ELE-607] Intellectual Property Law
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ELE-605 ] Local Self-Government
    • [E2844] New Reproductive Technologies and Law
    • [ELE-602] Political Parties and Electoral Systems
    • [ELE-704] Constitutionalism and Human Rights
    • [E2845] Contemporary Legal Systems
    • [E2842] International Law on Human Rights
    • [ELE-707] International Environmental Law
    • [ELE-609] Alternative Solution of Disputes
    • [CLE-803] Philosophy of Law
    • [ELE-503] Diplomatic and Consular Law
    • [E2848] International Organizations
    • [CCR-403] Victimology
    • [ECR-601] Economic Crime

Semester 8

  • [CLI-703] [6 ECTS] European Data Protection Law
    Students will gain in-depth knowledge of EU standards on data protection based on Convention no. 108 of the Council of Europe and EU instruments, including the General Data Protection Regulation and the Data Protection Law Enforcement Directive, as well as the relevant case law of the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union. The rapid development of information technology has imposed the need for sustainable protection of personal data, and the right to protection of personal data is mainly exercised through the instruments of the European Union (EU) and the Council of Europe (EC). The protection of this important right faces new and significant challenges as technological developments expand the boundaries of areas such as surveillance, communications monitoring, and data retention. The subject is important for students as our societies are increasingly digitized. The pace of technological development and the way personal data is processed affects each of us every day and in different ways, connected and imposed by the new technological developments. The European Union (EU) and Council of Europe legal frameworks protecting privacy and personal data have recently been revised. Europe is at the forefront of data protection worldwide.
  • [CBI-403] [6 ECTS] Information Systems Fundamentals
    Course aims: 1. To learn the basic concepts and the terminology of Information Systems a. Basic Information Systems concepts: hardware, software, networks b. E-World: e-business and e-commerce c. Developing Processes 2. To learn about the Information Systems and technologies that improve business values and various processes inside organizations. 3. Applying IS concepts with various managing disciplines, during analysis, interpretation, assessments and decisions. 4. Understand the process of redesigning organizations using information systems. 5. Describe the role of information systems in decision making. 6. Examine information security, ethical, and social issues. 7. Be familiar with the Internet, electronic commerce, and e-business. 8. Prepare students to work on small scale projects, individual or group work, who by nature could fall into these categories: case studies, scientific research project, development projects or internship projects.
  • [C2456] [6 ECTS] Digital Forensics
    Computer forensics is the process of detecting hacking attacks and properly extracting evidence to report the crime and conducting audits to prevent the future attacks. It is used in different types of investigations like crime and civil investigation, corporate litigation, cybercrime etc. It plays a vital role in the investigation and prosecution of cybercriminals. It refers to a set of methodological procedures and techniques to identify, gather, preserve, extract, interpret, document, and present evidence from computing equipment so that the discovered evidence can be used during a legal and/or administrative proceeding in a court of law. Evidence might be sought in a wide range of computer crime or misuse, including but not limited to theft of trade secrets, theft of or destruction of intellectual property, and fraud.It equips students with the skills required to identify an intruder’s footprints and to properly gather the necessary evidence to prosecute in a court of law. This subject will give a holistic overview of the key components of computer forensics. It provides a solid fundamental knowledge required for a career in computer forensics.
  • [6 ECTS] Professional Elective Course
    • [CLI-702] Electronic Trade and Banking Law
    • [CLI-502] Family Law and Electronic Biomedicine
    • [E2850] Cyber Security
    • [CLI-603] Electronic Cadastral Law
    • [CLI-803] Computer Criminal Law
    • [CLI-501] Informatics
    • [CLI-801] Administrative Procedure for Internet Domain Names Registration and Legal Protection
    • [CLI-802] E-contracts, e-insurance and e-signature
    • [CLE-704] Civil Procedure Law (Contentious Law)
  • [6 ECTS] General Elective Course
    • [ELE-708] Introduction to Criminalistics
    • [ELE-401] Juvenile Deliquency
    • [CCR6010] International Criminal Law
    • [ECR-401] Police Law
    • [ELE-604] Organized Crime
    • [ELE-607] Intellectual Property Law
    • [ELE-408] Domestic Violence
    • [ELE-605 ] Local Self-Government
    • [E2844] New Reproductive Technologies and Law
    • [ELE-602] Political Parties and Electoral Systems
    • [ELE-704] Constitutionalism and Human Rights
    • [E2845] Contemporary Legal Systems
    • [E2842] International Law on Human Rights
    • [ELE-707] International Environmental Law
    • [ELE-609] Alternative Solution of Disputes
    • [CLE-803] Philosophy of Law
    • [ELE-503] Diplomatic and Consular Law
    • [E2848] International Organizations
    • [CCR-403] Victimology
    • [ECR-601] Economic Crime
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